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Last Updated: 12-Jan-2022

How Does Server Work: Types of Servers and Their difference with desktop Computer?

What is a Server?

The word server is commonly used in the world of digital networking. Server first refers towards hardware or another computer in which it gives its services to clients or computer system. To work in a different field for different purposes, the server comes with varieties of several kinds. It can perform a lot of other functions.

How does the Server work

We termed a server as a device that has specifically organized protocols or programs for different functions. When a server and customer/client work together, they make a server/client network. This server-client network gives a routing system. It also provides a central approach to data storage, information, resources, and much more. The server also describes as a technology solution to many problems. It serves its client with fax resources, print, files, information, and access on many computers.

Components of Servers

Physical servers are made up of the following components.

  • Motherboard
    A motherboard connects all the pieces of a server. The motherboard size indicates the capacity of storage and the number of hard drives that can interface with a server.
  • Central Processing Unit (CPU):
    The job of the CPU is to control all the functions of the server. This server is the center of all processing within the device. Processing speed helps you to measure CPUs.
  • Memory:
    This part of the server determines the amount of storage that is available to us. Memory must be compatible with the motherboard.
  • Hard drives:
    The function of a hard drive is to store both user and software data for a computer. It uses a controller card for maximum processing functions. A server that contains a large amount of data may require many hard drives.
  • Network connection
    A server must have a connection to a network in order to work. If the server can receive and respond to user requests, it is a sign of a good network connection. If the motherboards do not already have a network adapter, the server will need to install an external network connection, but many motherboards already have a network adapter.
  • Power supply
    Servers that deliver data to a large number of clients require more power supply as compare to a normal personal computer. Most servers require at least 300 watts of power supply.

How Do Servers Work?

When a request for a specific website is made at the very primary level, the server responds because it is a collection of web pages. This request is just a process of entering a web address into a browser and hitting return. The server checks these requests through ports and immediately provides a ''response'' to the site'ssite's page. The server combines the various components that make up a website when it has received and verified the request and returns this collected information back to the user'suser's web browser. In fact, the key to answering the request is what the server does day and night.

Working Procedure

The working procedure of a server is like this:

  • Web browsers request a specific webpage in search of the correct IP address associated with that domain.
  • The browser of a website aslomj request to display the complete URL or specific website. It sends information and requests to a server.
  • As the information transfers to the server, the server receives it and organizes the information required to show on the site. This information includes commercial ads, content, progressive components, etc. after arranging the set of information, the server sends it back to the browser. The process of sending back information in the organized form is called the response of the server.
  • The website browser catches the complete information and displays it on site.

Servers work from multiple perspectives to interface with clients with different information capabilities. They have a lot of information for associations and make it available to clients through inner organizations or the Internet. And, they respond to client requests so that appropriate documents can be retrieved from stored or organized sources. They work in-depth with the operating system and work as much as possible and respond to client demands. IT experts can upgrade a server'sserver's utility by introducing programming that adds additional roles in response to site demands from the Internet browser. Servers can also go as a precautionary measure to check customer identities before getting permission to access to a network.

We create a list of 13 importantly functioning servers in digital networking.

1. Web server

Webserver with open-source quality helps to access the web, functional in the whole world. It is a widely operate server by millions of customers. This access is possible with the help of software of the public domain. The web servers are responsible for connecting your computer with stored information on an internet website. The information is stored on the Internet through a web server. The server can recover this information through an ""HTTP"" code before sending it to the client'sclient's browser.

2. Proxy server

It works like bonding between the client'sclient's server and the host server. The name of the server shows that it works as an agent. It has to collect data from a site and sent it to the IP address of your system. It is a secure function because it does not transfer information directly from one client to another. First, the request is made by the browser, then proceed from the source to this server. It also filters different internet bugs.

3. Virtual machine

It works through virtual space. The machine uses virtual space for saving and connecting the data. IT experts use a virtual machine monitor or a hypervisor to design the virtual machine. Virtual machine monitor is software and can execute several virtual machines with only single hardware. Several clients prefer this server due to its cost-effective features and secure storage, and essential data transfer.

4. File transfer protocol server

File transfer protocol serves to relocate the data files from one system to another. The uploaded files are transferred from the client'sclient's PC to the server and downloaded data files are filtered out from the server to the client'sclient's device. It also connects two computer systems for safe data sharing.

5. Application server

It connects the user to software applications by connections of the virtual server. If users want to access the application, this server allows them to overpass the downloading apps to their hardware. This server can host a huge number of application data for thousands of clients at the same time.

6. File server

It stores files of different data for many users. Users allow quick data recovery and writing files on the computer. It is commonly used in organizations in which the secured and convenient files are accessed by many users.

7. Database server

This server works like a space with a huge storage capacity. An organization always needs this kind of server to access and execute several programs. The database server is not dependent. It can execute independently at any architecture of the database.

8. Mail server

The name of the server is defining its functions. It receives, stores, and transfer mails for users by the platform of email services. The mails are constantly linked with the network, so the users can check email activating any computer through personal devices.

9. Print server

It works like a bond that creates a connection between remote and local systems. These linked computer systems print by the network. This server is helpful in business in which the only printer works for the whole department. Some have their personal built-in server and join the network easily once installed in the department.

10. Domain Name System Server (DNS)

Readable domains of computer systems are transferred into the IP address of computer language through DNS. When the user search data, the DNS finds the address requested by a user and delivers it to a user's device.

11. Collaboration server

A collaboration server serves to collaborate the data when it is shared between many users. This server also allows its users to store and share files, applications, and different data.

12. Gaming server

Large networks of premium gaming require servers that can connect the worldwide gamers. Gaming servers host the online games of multi-players.

13. Monitoring and management server

These servers can work in different capacities. Their most important function is to track and record digital transactions. They also receive requests from clients. These servers give respond to administration and monitor if any virus or bugs are defecting the system.

Differences between servers and desktop computers


  • The server has many processers for a quick approach.
  • It aslo uses a secure place to store data files.
  • The server has mirrored hard drives in which data backup is stored.
  • It cannot operate on a single power supply, needs more.
  • Secure against bugs, viruses, and malware.
  • Parts of Hardware are costly.
  • Moreover, the server offers its client high power processing and memory storage.

Desktop Computer

  • Desktop mostly has only one processor.
  • Data files are visible on every user'suser's desktop.
  • Moreover, it consists of only one drive. If a drive fails, the data is also lost.
  • Needs a single power supply.
  • Unsafe to bugs and viruses.
  • Parts of hardware are not costly.
  • Processing power and storage capacities are also lower than the server.


We discussed different best types of servers that have significant functions in digital networking. The main differences between desktop with the server are also explained briefly. This difference explains that server and desktop are computer systems but shows huge differences. Small organizations are using desktop computers individually. At the same time, large business companies prefer server computers because of their efficiency.

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